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May 2017:



 


World Press Freedom Prize





"In the evening of 3 May, Ms Bokova will award the to 2017 UNESCO/ Guillermo

Cano Word Press Freedom Prize to Dawit Isaak, the imprisoned Eritrean-born

journalist who will be represented by his daughter, Bethelem Isaak, during a

ceremony that will be hosted by Joko Widodo, the President of Indonesia."

UNESCO 







April 2017:












Une hausse majeure des investissements dans l'eau et l'assainissement est nécessaire, selon l'ONU

"Les pays n'augmentent pas assez rapidement leurs investissements pour atteindre
les cibles en matière d'eau et d'assainissement dans le cadre des Objectifs de
développement durable (ODD), selon un nouveau rapport publié par l'Organisation
mondiale de la Santé au nom de l'ONU-Eau, le mécanisme inter-institutions de
coordination des Nations Unies pour toutes les questions relatives à l'eau douce, y
compris l'assainissement." UN website 







Transforming forming the Future Meeting in Paris



"This technical experts meeting will review the innovative Futures Literacy initiatives

implemented throughout the world, as presented in the forthcoming book “

Transforming the Future: Anticipation in the 21st Century”.

Experts will discuss: What is Futures Literacy? What is the Discipline of

Anticipation? What are Futures Literacy Laboratories and how do these activities

support UNESCO’s leadership in helping the social and human sciences contribute

to humanity’s efforts to achieve sustainability, inclusion and peace?" UNESCO

website 









Rising extreme inequality should be a concern 

 




"This phenomenon is unfair and morally lacking, and its consequences are corrosive

for everyone. Extreme inequality corrupts politics, hinders economic growth and

stifles social mobility. It fuels crime and violent conflict. It touches a moral nerve

in threatening the very health of our democracies when political and economic

power is captured by elites. The rapid rise of extreme economic inequality is

standing in the way of eliminating global poverty.


According to the Overseas Development Institute, 200 million of the 1.1 billion

people living in extreme poverty in 2010 could have escaped extreme poverty

if poor people benefited equally from the proceeds of growth during the Millennium

Development Goals (MDGs) period (Hoy and Samman, 2015). Projections by World

Bank economists find that to eliminate extreme poverty by 2030, the poorest must

benefit from growth 2 percentage points higher than the rest of the population.

An equal share in growth is not enough, and would leave

almost 200 million additional people trapped in extreme poverty.

A high level of inequality constitutes a barrier to future economic growth because it

obstructs productive investment, limits the productive and consumptive capacity of

the economy, and undermines the institutions necessary for fair societies.

Researchers at the International Monetary Fund (IMF) found that an increase in the

income share of the poor and the middle class in fact increases growth, while doing

the same for the top 20 per cent results in lower growth.
 Extreme inequality is an

immediately pressing concern for us all, and it must be addressed without delay.

International bodies and governments must pay more attention to the gap between

the richest and poorest, and track wealth and income transfers at the top and

bottom of the inequality extremes. Access to good-quality data is imperative, to

produce more in-depth research on the drivers of extreme wealth and income

inequality, and their impact on poverty." UNESCO website 



















March 2017












The process of appointment of the UNESCO Director General 
 
 


The Director General is nominated by the board and finally appointed by the

General Conference for the period of four years. Currently there are nine

candidates from the following countries: France, Guatemala, Lebanon, Egypt, Iraq,

Azerbaijan, Vietnam and Qatar. They will be interviewed in the board sessions

in April 2017 and then in November 2017, the nominated candidate will be

presented with n he 39th session of General Conference.
 

The current Director General of UNESCO is Irina Bokova and she has

had remarkable record during her years as UNESCO Director General.

The Guardian newspaper have called her: " a woman standing between isis

and the world heritage" for her fights to protect the artifacts and the world

heritage. She speak Bulgarian ( her native language), French, Spanish and

Russian. According to  Charlie English, the journalist who has had several

interviews with her and has written many articles about her

achievements, her 
biggest success has been the three paragraphs inserted into UN

Resolution 2199  that passed in February 2015 and aimed at cutting off the

jihadists’ oil and kidnapping revenues. Bokova successfully included

trafficked antiquities,too. “The challenge was to recognithe importancce

of heritage and the need to protect it,” Irina Bokova said.








The U.N.: the World is facing the largest humanitarian crisis 

According to the UN humanitarian chief, currently the world is facing the largest 

humanitarian crisis since the U.N. was founded in 1945. 

 


Nearly 1.4 million children at imminent risk of death as famine looms in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen – UNICEF







Journée internationale des femmes mars 8

 

"La Journée internationale des femmes est l’occasion de dresser le bilan des progrès réalisés, d’appeler à des changements et de célébrer les actes de courage et de détermination accomplis par les femmes ordinaires qui ont joué un rôle extraordinaire dans l’histoire de leur pays et de leur communauté. Le thème 2017 est : « Les femmes dans un monde du travail en évolution : une planète 50 - 50 d'ici à 2030." UN.org









Join UNESCO’s photo and video contest “If I were…” !


"If you were someone else ... what would your life be like? Have you ever imagined stepping into someone else’s shoes? What if that person was living next door? How would you feel? UNESCO’s photo and video contest for youth “If I were…” invites you to imagine yourself in someone else’s shoes through a powerful video clip or photo. The idea is to illustrate your feelings if you were this person, change your perspectives and express yourself differently. Develop your ability to empathize and leave behind your prejudices!" UNESCO website 













February 2017









The 2017 Call for Applications for the UNESCO Creative Cities Network is open! 

 
"Until 16 June, midnight CET, cities around the world can submit their application to join the UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN). 

Created in 2004, the UCCN fosters international cooperation with and between cities that have identified creativity as a strategic driver and enabler for sustainable urban regeneration and development.Today the Network brings together 116 cities from 54 countries, working towards common objectives: placing creativity and cultural industries at the core of local development plans, and actively cooperating through inter-city partnerships at the international level." UNESCO website 





Journée internationale des femmes et des filles de science (11 février)

"La science et l'égalité entre les  sexes sont indispensables pour réaliser les objectifs de développement durable, notamment le programme de développement durable à l'horizon 2030. Ces 15 dernières années, la communauté internationale a entrepris d’importants efforts pour inspirer et promouvoir la participation des femmes et des filles à la science. Malheureusement, les femmes et les filles continuent d'être exclues et ne peuvent participer pleinement à la science." UN website 






UNESCO Director-General pays tribute to philosopher and historian of ideas Tzvetan Todorov


The Director-General said: "I commend the work of a great French essayist of Bulgarian origin, born in Sofia in 1939, and a champion of reflection on Western humanism and European history. In my eyes, Tzvetan Todorov has represented the "honest man" in all its complexity, in the sharpness of critical view of the world that is also caring and that shows deep attachment to the bond between all women and men."





Rights of Children

"Sixty-five million children around the world are on the move – running from conflict, poverty and extreme weather, looking for a better life and a place to call home. They are among the most vulnerable people on earth – children on the edge. 
Their numbers are not likely to fall. It’s one of the greatest challenges of our age. In this crisis, children are the most vulnerable. Many are traveling with their families, many others on their own. Every one of them needs a protection and is entitled to the rights guaranteed under the Convention on the Rights of the Child." UNICEF 







February 3 workshop by UNESCO 
 
"Challenging Inequalities: Pathways to a Just World”
 
New York
 
Organized in conjunction with the 55th session of the Commission for Social Development, this event will focus on how rising inequalities hinders progress in poverty eradication and efforts to enhance social inclusion and the way social science community could contribute to policy making process. 




January 2017:





UNESCO Director-General calls for stronger sanctions against trafficking and destruction of heritage

"On 13 January 2017, the Director-General of UNESCO Irirna Bokova took part in a colloquy on offences related to Cultural Property organized jointly by the Cypriot chairmanship of the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers and its Secretary General, Thorbjørn Jagland, in Strasbourg, France. Representatives from international organizations and governments, as well as academic experts, discussed ways to strengthen co-operation to protect cultural heritage from destruction and illicit trafficking, including by organized crime and terrorist groups." UNESCO 






Child Abuse by UN troops 

There have been an embarrassment for the UN, where the investigators compiled a confidential report in 2015 about the allegations of child abuse by UN troops and "the organization did not move quickly to rectify them." The confidential report shows the testimony by six children who described abuse by the soldiers in the camp. Four of the children said they had been abused by the UN soldiers, while two said they had witnessed the abuse. Soldiers from India and Pakistan served as UN troops. 



Près de la moitié de la population mondiale utilise la biomasse pour la cuisson. Au Zimbabwe, ce chiffre est de 74 %. L’utilisation de la biomasse a des conséquences considérables sur la santé, l’environnement, l’égalité hommes-femmes ainsi que sur la lutte contre la pauvreté.



La France organise à l’UNESCO la Conférence internationale pour l’aide aux victimes

 

"Le 9 janvier 2017, au Siège de l’UNESCO, la Directrice générale, Irina Bokova, a ouvert la 1ère conférence internationale sur l’aide aux victimes, avec la participation de 9 ministres et 26 pays représentés. Organisée à l’initiative de la Secrétaire d’Etat auprès du Premier Ministre de la République française, chargée de l’aide aux victimes, Juliette Méadel, cette rencontre de haut niveau, placée sous les auspices de l’UNESCO, se tient dans un contexte international marqué par le besoin de mieux prendre en considération l’accompagnement des victimes de l’extrémisme violent, du terrorisme et du fanatisme." UNESCO website 





23rd meeting of the International Advisory Committee for biosphere reserves (IACBR 2017)

 



"The 23rd meeting of the International Advisory Committee for Biosphere reserves will take place from 23 to 26 January 2017 at UNESCO Headquarters, Paris, in Rooms VII and VIII bis.
International experts will meet to review submissions for new biosphere reserves, and extensions to existing ones.
This Committee will provide recommendations to the Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme governing body, the International Co-ordinating Council (MAB-ICC) on scientific and technical matters concerning the nomination of new sites, and changes and periodic reviews of sites already included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR)." UNESCO website 



RDC : le Haut-Commissariat aux droits de l'homme espère que l'accord politique « marquera un tournant dans le pays »un.org



UNICEF in Falluja

After years of conflict, schools reopen and hope returns to Fallujah and 
UNICEF is rehabilitating a number of schools in the city.



Culture lies at the heart of urban renewal and innovation

"Urbanization is swiftly increasing across the globe; by 2030 the world is projected to have 41 mega cities, each being the home to more than 10 million people. In cities, large and small, increasing migration means increasing cultural diversity, which must be tapped into as a sustainable source of creativity, innovation and inclusive development. As centres of cultural exchange and built heritage, cities are reclaiming public spaces as a means of promoting debate, creative expression and social interaction. “The cities of tomorrow must be people-centred and resilient, with livable built and natural environments, rural-urban linkages, and quality public spaces. This requires innovative and integrated policy-making, with culture at the core of urban planning and regeneration, so as to ensure sustainability and improved quality of life for people” said Francesco Bandarin, Assistant Director-General for Culture of UNESCO."
UNESCO website 




ONU : le nouveau Secrétaire général António Guterres appelle à faire de 2017 une année pour la paix






2017 International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development

"The United Nations 70th General Assembly has designated 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development.This is a unique opportunity to raise awareness on the contribution of sustainable tourism to development among public and private sector decision-makers and the public, while mobilizing all stakeholders to work together in making tourism a catalyst for positive change.In the context of the universal 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the International Year aims to support a change in policies, business practices and consumer behavior towards a more sustainable tourism sector than can contribute to the SDGs." UN.org







December 2016





Le Conseil de sécurité appelle à renforcer la lutte contre la traite d'êtres humains dans les conflits


"Le Conseil de sécurité a appelé, mardi, les Etats membres à adopter des mesures décisives et immédiates pour prévenir, criminaliser, enquêter et poursuivre les personnes impliquées dans la traite d'êtres humains dans les conflits. En adoptant la résolution 2331, les 15 membres du conseil, sous la présidence du Président du gouvernement espagnol, Mariano Rajoy, ont condamné à l'unanimité toutes formes de traite d'êtres humains et souligné les liens étroits entre ce fléau, les abus sexuels et le financement du terrorisme et de la criminalité transnationale organisée." UN website 





Irina Bokova ‏@IrinaBokova
Protéger les droits fondamentaux et la dignité des #migrants et #réfugiés est une 
urgence humanitaire http://on.unesco.org/2gRONit



El Consejo de Seguridad aprueba, por unanimidad, observadores de la ONU en Alepo


"El Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU aprobó este lunes, por unanimidad, una resolución en la que solicita a Naciones Unidas llevar a cabo de manera neutral la vigilancia y observación directa del operativo de evacuación de civiles en Alepo, Siria." UN.org


UNESCO Director General sends rapid assessment mission to the Nimrud archaeological site in Iraq

"The UNESCO office in Iraq has led a rapid assessment mission to the Nimrud archaeological site, located in Nineveh Governorate, Iraq, on 14 December 2016. The objective of the mission was to assess the overall state of conservation of the site, in particular the extent of damage resulting from the deliberate destruction by ISIL/Daesh over the past 2 years. In addition, the mission aimed to identify emergency safeguarding measures that could be taken in order to prevent any further loss." UNESCO website 


Next UN chief names three women to senior posts

"The incoming UN secretary general, António Guterres, has announced that Nigeria’s environment minister, Amina Mohammed, will be his deputy and appointed two other women to key leadership posts. Guterres has made achieving gender parity at the world body a priority of his tenure, which begins on 1 January. Women currently fill less than one in four leadership positions at the UN. Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti, a senior Brazilian foreign ministry official, will serve as Guterres’s chief of staff, and Kyung-wha Kang of South Korea has been appointed to the new position of special adviser on policy." The Guardian 




le chef de l'ONU appelle à mettre fin au carnage à Alep


Selon le Secrétaire général, « la tâche immédiate est de faire tout notre possible pour arrêter le carnage ». « Au cours des derniers jours et des dernières heures, nous avons apparemment été les témoins des efforts du gouvernement syrien et de ses alliés pour mettre fin au conflit interne du pays par une victoire militaire totale et sans compromis », a-t-il noté.« Alors que la bataille d'Alep se termine, j'invite les autorités syriennes et leurs alliés, la Russie et l'Iran, à honorer leurs obligations en vertu du droit international humanitaire et à faire les choses suivantes : permettre aux civils restants de partir immédiatement et faciliter l'accès de tous les acteurs humanitaires et la fourniture d'une assistance d'une importance cruciale », a-t-il ajouté. « Les lois de la guerre et les droits humains universels doivent être respectés ». UN.org


Wonder Woman loses job as UN ambassador

"The UN has dropped the superhero Wonder Woman as an ambassador for empowering girls and women after a brief stint that drew widespread criticism.The campaign around the comic book character, who turned 75 this autumn, lasted for less than two months. Among its key aims were challenging female stereotypes and fighting discrimination and violence against women and girls.But the appointment prompted an angry backlash from some quarters. More than 44,000 people signed a petition that claimed to have been started by “concerned UN staff members” which called on the UN secretary general to appoint a non-fictional woman to the role. “It is alarming that the United Nations would consider using a character with an overtly sexualized image at a time when the headline news in United States and the world is the objectification of women and girls,” the petition’s authors wrote." The Guardian 



Taking oath of office, António Guterres pledges to work for peace, development and a reformed United Nations


"12 December 2016 – Sworn in today as the ninth and next United Nations Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres pledged to reposition development at the centre of the Organization’s work and ensure that the UN can change to effectively meet the myriad challenges facing the international community." UN.org 



One in Four Children Live in Conflict or Disaster Zones


"More than a half-billion children, or roughly one in four, now live in countries affected by conflicts or other disasters, the United Nations Children’s Fund said Thursday.The new figure was reported in a Unicef statement issued to coincide with the agency’s 70th anniversary, that said many of those children live “without access to medical care, quality education, proper nutrition and protection.”About three-quarters of the affected children — roughly 393 million — were concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa, the agency said, which by many measurements remains the most deprived region of the developing world." NYTimes





UN Foundation

"The United Nations Foundation links the UN’s work with others around the world, mobilizing the energy and expertise of business and non-governmental organizations to help the UN tackle issues including climate change, global health, peace and security, women's empowerment, poverty eradication, energy access, and U.S.-UN relations." UN



UNICEF's Role in Humanitarian Action

"UNICEF has a long history of working in emergencies and humanitarian contexts, both natural and man-made. Originally called the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, the organization was created to provide humanitarian assistance to children living in a world shattered by the Second World War.  Much has changed since then, but UNICEF’s fundamental mission has not.The international community is faced with increasingly complex humanitarian crises which place children and women at significant risk. On average, UNICEF responds to more than two hundred emergencies every year, informing and shaping these interventions as a global leader for children. The caseload for humanitarian action will continue to grow and in so doing will challenge UNICEF’s capabilities and those of the entire humanitarian system. This will be the result of a combination of old drivers of humanitarian needs such as conflict and natural disasters exacerbated by the combined effect of climate change and urbanization. The needs will also be exacerbated by the youth bulge and possible shocks related to prices, financial markets and natural resources." UNICEF 





ONU destaca la importancia de trabajo de los voluntarios


"Los voluntarios trabajan de manera incansable con el propósito de crear un futuro mejor para todos y su solidaridad no conoce fronteras, por ello, la ONU reconoce su trabajo hoy, el Día Internacional dedicado a ellos." UN


Journée mondiale des sols 5 décembre 


"Les légumineuses présentent de nombreux avantages pour les propriétés des sols : elles fixent l'azote atmosphérique et améliorent la biodiversité, la fertilité et la structure des sols. C’est pour cette raison que la FAO, l'organisation pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture des Nations unies, dédie cette Journée internationale des sols aux légumineuses. C’est également en raison de leurs avantages nutritionnels que l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies a proclamé 2016 Année internationale des légumineuses." UN.org




"UNESCO Artists for Peace are internationally-renowned personalities who use their influence, charisma and prestige to help promote UNESCO’s message and programmes. UNESCO works with these distinguished personalities in order to heighten public awareness regarding key development issues and to inform the public what our Organization's action is in these fields." UNESCO

 



UNICEF Publication Free Download on Unicef website 


"For Every Child, Hope: UNICEF 

 
In commemoration of UNICEF’s 70th anniversary, this publication presents highlights of the organization’s work for and with children – especially the most disadvantaged – from 1946 to the present. In words and photos, it underscores the hope for a better future that UNICEF and partners have worked to instil in the world’s children, emphasizing what remains to be done to fully realize the rights of every child."




UNESCO rejects findings of the 2016 UK Multilateral Development Review



"Paris, 1 December – UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova flatly rejected the United Kingdom’s Multilateral Development Review (MDR) for 2016 as “flawed” and called for an independent and objective oversight body to review its findings. “For the sake of accuracy and transparency, this report must undergo a thorough and professional review that objectively takes into account the steps that UNESCO has taken to address the key issues highlighted in the report." UNESCO website 

Bokova, in addition to her mother tongue Bulgarian, speaks English, French, Spanish and Russian. 




November 2016





Centrafrique : la moitié de la population a encore besoin d'aide humanitaire, selon l'ONU


"28 novembre 2016 – Près de la moitié de la population de la République centrafricaine a encore besoin d'aide humanitaire malgré les progrès réalisés depuis la crise de 2013, ont déclaré lundi le Coordonnateur de l'action humanitaire pour ce pays, Fabrizio Hochschild, et la Ministre centrafricaine des affaires sociales et de la réconciliation nationale, Virginie Baikoua, lors d'une réunion à Genève. En 2017, près de 400 millions de dollars seront nécessaires pour venir en aide à 1,6 million de Centrafricains, selon le plan de réponse humanitaire 2017 qui complémente le Programme quinquennal national de relèvement et de consolidation de la paix en Centrafrique (RCPCA) lancé à Bruxelles le 17 novembre." UN.org



UNESCO Director-General welcomes the liberation of Nimrud and renews the call for the protection of heritage 


"Work is underway on the ground to provide assessment in the coming weeks and UNESCO will intensify its actions in the framework of its Emergency Action Plan in Iraq. UNESCO is also reinforcing educational activities within the campaign in camps for internally displaced persons in Erbil and schools in Baghdad, to raise awareness on the need to protect cultural heritage.Situated 32 kilometres south of Mosul, the city of Nimrud (Kalakh), was founded more than 3,300 years ago. It was one of the capitals of the Assyrian Empire, and its frescoes and works are celebrated around the world, in literature and sacred texts. Inscribed on Iraq’s Tentative List for World Heritage since 2000, the city was deliberately and severely damaged by extremist armed groups in 2015. In March and April 2015, videos on social media channels showed severe damage to the north-west part of the Palace of Ashurnasirpal II, dating back to 879 B.C, along with destruction of stone sculptures from the neo-Assyrian era, with hammers and explosives. The damages were remotely assessed and the destruction was confirmed via satellite imagery analyzed by UNESCO’s partner, the UNITAR’s Operational Satellite Applications Programme – UNOSAT." UNESCO website 


Día Internacional de la Eliminación de la Violencia contra la Mujer
25 de noviembre 



UN:"75,000 children in Nigeria could starve to death within months"


"Boko Haram insurgency has disrupted farming and trade in north-east, leaving 14 million people in need of humanitarian aid." The Guardian 



A fair chance for every child

"All children deserve the chance to be happy and healthy, explore their world safely, and reach their full potential. Yet the rights of millions of children are blocked by deprivation and discrimination based on factors beyond their control – their gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, place of birth or whether they live with a disability, for example. When children do not have a fair chance in life, significant inequalities emerge between those who have the most and those who have the least. Those inequalities are passed from generation to generation in a vicious circle that has significant economic, political and social consequences – leading to an unequal and unfair world. It doesn’t have to be this way.With smart investments and targeted actions, every child can have a fair chance in life." UNICEF website 




Three days and one night to celebrate philosophy at UNESCO

"On 16 and 17 November, UNESCO will host the 15th edition of the International Encounters on New Philosophical Practices, in partnership with the Philolab association. This annual event is an opportunity to bring philosophy to a wider audience by tearing down the barriers of philosophy’s traditional venues and syles of discourse. Workshops are planned with children and adolescents, as well as panel discussions on topics such as philosophical cities or philosophy training.A roundtable discussion entitled Speak up together for Tolerance will take place on 17 November, from 2pm to 5pm in Room II. It will focus on philosophical issues related to the concept of tolerance." UNESCO website 





Science centres and museums vitally important for sustainable development – UNESCO


"Noting the centrality of science in major global sustainable development agenda, the head of the United Nations educational and scientific agency underscored the importance of science centres and museums to build skill and capacities as well as to send strong messages about the importance of science for sustainable development." UN




La FAO y América Latina suman fuerzas para combatir la pesca ilegal

La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura lanzó este lunes un proyecto de cooperación en 11 países de América Latina y el Caribe con el objetivo de luchar contra la pesca ilegal, no declarada y no reglamentada. Al anunciar la iniciativa en un encuentro de alto nivel celebrado en Panamá, la FAO señaló que busca implementar un plan conjunto que sirva para eliminar esa práctica a través del reforzamiento de los mecanismos de control y de las instituciones del sector pesquero. El coordinador subregional de la FAO para Meso América remarcó que la pesca ilegal “amenaza no sólo la seguridad alimentaria y la sostenibilidad de los recursos pesqueros, sino también el bienestar económico de dos millones de personas que dependen de la pesca como medio de subsistencia”. UN

Journée internationale de la tolérance
16 novembre

"L’Organisation des Nations Unies est résolue à renforcer la tolérance en encourageant la compréhension mutuelle entre les cultures et les peuples. Cet impératif est au cœur de la Charte des Nations Unies ainsi que de la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme et est plus importante que jamais dans cette ère d'extrémisme violent et de radicalisme caractérisé par un mépris fondamental de la vie humaine.

Chaque année le 16 novembre, la communauté internationale célèbre la Journée internationale de la tolérance avec des activités qui s'adressent à la fois aux établissements d'enseignement et au grand public." UN



Child Victims in Iraq


" As mass graves and further evidence of sexual exploitation, torture and killings, child recruitment and other grave human rights abuses committed by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da'esh) extremists in Iraq come to light, the top United Nations human rights official has called for immediate action to ensure that the rights and the needs of victims and survivors are met – including the need for justice, truth and reconciliation.

“The extent of civilian suffering in Mosul and other ISIL-occupied areas in Iraq is numbing and intolerable,” said UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Al Hussein, in a news release issued today, citing heartbreaking images of children being forced to carry out executions, stories of women being 'redistributed' among ISIL fighters, of killings for possession of SIM cards, and killings of those perceived to be opposed to ISIL's takfiri doctrines. He also cited the forced displacement of tens of thousands of civilians and their exploitation as human shields, and then the risk of reprisals against these long-suffering women, men and children for their perceived support of ISIL." UN.org




La neumonía y la diarrea causan la muerte de 1,4 millones de niños anualmente, informa UNICEF

"La neumonía y la diarrea provocan el fallecimiento de 1,4 millones de niños anualmente y la mayoría de sus casos ocurre en países de ingresos bajos y medios, informó hoy el Fondo de la ONU para la Infancia. UNICEF ofreció datos sobre estas dos enfermedades en un informe presentado en la Conferencia de las Partes de la Convención Marco de la ONU sobre Cambio Climático (COP 22) que sesiona en Marrakech, Marruecos. UNICEF remarcó que ambas enfermedades son prevenibles si se aplican soluciones sencillas y rentables como la lactancia materna, la vacunación, una atención primaria de calidad y la reducción de la contaminación del aire en los hogares.UNICEF señaló que cerca de 34 millones de niños fallecieron por neumonía y diarrea desde el año 2000 y advirtió que si no se realizan inversiones en prevención y tratamiento, unos 24 millones de menores podrían morir por esas enfermedades hasta el año 2030." UNICEF




les villes cherchent à jouer un rôle clé dans la mise en œuvre de l'Accord de Paris sur le climat


"A la Conférence des Nations Unies sur le changement climatique à Marrakech (COP 22), les villes ont affiché jeudi leur volonté de jouer un rôle déterminant dans la mise en œuvre de l'Accord de Paris, qui est entré en vigueur le 4 novembre 2016, notamment en réduisant leurs émissions de carbone.« L'action pour le climat dans et par les villes et les régions sera déterminante pour garantir que nous restons sur la voie de 2 degrés Celsius, tout en visant 1,5 degré Celsius », a déclaré lors d'une conférence de presse Gino Van Begin, le Secrétaire général de l'ICLEI - Gouvernements locaux pour la durabilité, un réseau mondial de plus de 1.500 villes, villes et régions engagées dans la construction d'un avenir durable.L'Accord de Paris appelle les pays à lutter contre le changement climatique en visant une limitation de la hausse de la température mondiale bien en dessous de 2 degrés Celsius, et à s'efforcer de ne pas dépasser 1,5 degré Celsius." UN




World Science Day for Peace and Development
10 November 

"Each year, World Science Day for Peace and Development offers an opportunity to demonstrate why science is relevant to people’s daily lives and to engage them in debates on related issues. In 2016, the celebration focuses on science centres and science museums to highlight their important contribution to science communication.Citizens’ participation in governance is the core of democracy and an indispensable prerequisite for the empowerment of people. Science communication is crucial for public participation and engagement and in this regard, science centres and museums’ role goes beyond providing information on scientific issues. They are places where people can come together and explore the very mysteries that make up our world. They are fostering creativity, increasing scientific literacy, supporting teachers to inspire their students in STEM, improving the quality of science education and promoting learning experiences within a social context, as well as changing possible negative perceptions of the impact of science on society, thus attracting youths to science careers and encouraging them to experiment and expand our collective knowledge." UN


L'ONU célèbre un jour historique avec l'entrée en vigueur de l'Accord de Paris sur le climat


"L'Accord, qui avait été adopté par les 196 Parties à la Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques (CCNUCC) en décembre 2015 à Paris, appelle les pays à lutter contre le changement climatique en visant une limitation de la hausse de la température mondiale bien en dessous de 2 degrés Celsius, et à s'efforcer de ne pas dépasser 1,5 degré Celsius. « Nous restons dans une course contre le temps. Mais avec l'Accord de Paris et le Programme de développement durable à l'horizon 2030, le monde a ce qu'il faut pour s'engager sur le chemin de la résilience climatique et des faibles émissions. Il est maintenant temps de renforcer la détermination mondiale, de faire ce que la science exige et de saisir l'occasion de construire un monde plus sûr et plus durable pour tous », a insisté le chef de l'ONU." UN



La Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos alcanza la traducción a 500 idiomas

"La Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos continúa siendo el documento más traducido en el planeta y ha alcanzado ya las 500 traducciones a diferentes idiomas." UN
 




Security Council authorizes UN Mission in Colombia to verify ceasefire


The United Nations Security Council has sent a letter to Secretary General authorizing the UN Mission in Colombia to verify the ceasefire and cessation of hostilities, following a request from the Government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – People’s Army. “We welcome the Security Council members’ unanimous support to the parties’ decision to maintain a bilateral and definitive ceasefire – and to the UN Mission’s work,” said the Special Representative of the Secretary General and Mission chief added: “This is also a boost to Colombia’s peace process and a national consensus on a final peace agreement, to be reached as soon as possible.” UN





October 2016:




Journée internationale de la fin de l'impunité pour les crimes commis contre des journalistes

 
 
"Au cours de la dernière décennie, plus de 800 journalistes ont été tués pour avoir voulu couvrir des évènements et informer le public : en moyenne, c'est une mort par semaine. Dans neuf cas sur dix, les meurtriers restent impunis. L'impunité entraîne un plus grand nombre d'assassinats et représente souvent un facteur d'aggravation de conflit et d'effondrement des systèmes de droit et de justice." UN.org





Education gap for preschool children 


"In Kyrgyzstan, limited access to early education opportunities is a problem in many areas. The political, economic and social transformation that followed the country’s independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 left the state unable to finance or maintain preschools. As a result, 74 per cent of preschool institutions were closed in the 1990s, and enrolment rates fell dramatically. Today, participation in formal early education in Kyrgyzstan for children aged 3-5 is still only at 22.7 per cent countrywide." UNICEF




24 October 

has been celebrated as United Nations Day since 1948. In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly recommended that the day be observed by Member States as a public holiday.



UNESCO study informs policymakers on benefits of adult learning and education


"Adult learning and education can improve health and well-being, employment opportunities and develop local communities, according to a new report from the United Nations culture and education agency.

“Policy-makers will find high quality evidence to support policies, strategies and budgets. Stakeholders will find compelling arguments for how adult learning and education promotes sustainable development, healthier societies, better jobs and more active citizenship,” the Director-General of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization notes in the report’s foreword." UN




L'ONU désigne Wonder Woman Ambassadrice honoraire pour l'autonomisation des femmes et des filles

"  Les Nations Unies ont désigné vendredi le personnage de super-héroïne de bande dessinée américaine Wonder Woman Ambassadrice honoraire pour l'autonomisation des femmes et des filles.

 

Cette nomination s'inscrit dans le cadre d'une champagne en collaboration avec DC Entertainment et Warner Bros, pour sensibiliser l'opinion publique à la question de l'égalité des sexes. Wonder Woman, l'une des super-héroïnes les plus emblématiques, permettra d'atteindre de nouveaux publics sur les objectifs de développement durable et de stimuler l'action en faveur de l'égalité des sexes et de l'autonomisation des femmes et des filles.

 

« Même si nous avons réalisé des progrès vers l'égalité des sexes, dans de nombreuses régions du monde, les femmes et les filles continuent d'être victimes de discrimination et de violence. L'égalité des sexes est un droit humain fondamental et une fondation pour un monde pacifique, prospère et durable », a déclaré la Secrétaire générale adjointe à l'information." UN





The United Nations Security Council today strongly condemned the latest failed ballistic missile launch conducted by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), which took place on 14 October. 

The Council said the attempted launch is “in grave violation” of international obligations by DPRK under relevant Security Council resolutions.

The Council also deplored all ballistic missile activities of DPRK, including this failed launch, noting that such activities contribute to the Asian country’s development of nuclear weapons delivery systems and increase tension.

Further to the statement, Council members regretted that DPRK is diverting resources to the pursuit of ballistic missiles while its citizens have great unmet needs.

The Council expressed “serious concern” that the most recent firing took place after a series of launches on 15 April, 23 April, 27 April, 28 April, 31 May, 21 June, 9 July, 18 July, 2 August, 23 August, and 5 September, as well as the nuclear test of 9 September, “in flagrant disregard” of the repeated statements by the 15-member body. UN.org





According to UNICEF, more than half a million children and their families in Mosul will be at extreme risk in the coming weeks, UNICEF warned today as a military operation to retake the northern Iraqi city gets under way.

“Mosul’s children have already suffered immensely over the past two years. Many could be forcibly displaced, trapped between fighting lines, or caught in the cross fire,” said  UNICEF Representative in Iraq. UNICEF has prepositioned enough water, showers, latrines and hygiene kits for over 150,000 people immediately, with plans to reach over 350,000 over the next few weeks.



According to UNICEF, five in six children under two years old are not fed enough nutritious food for their age, depriving them of the energy and nutrients they need at the most critical time in their physical and cognitive development. "Infants and young children have the greatest nutrient needs than at any other time in life. But the bodies and brains of millions of young children do not reach their full potential because they are receiving too little food, too late,” said France Begin, Senior Nutrition Adviser at UNICEF. “Poor nutrition at such a young age causes irreversible mental and physical damage.”




"Uno de los mayores problemas relacionados con el cambio climático es la Seguridad alimentaria . Las personas más pobres del mundo, -muchas de las cuales son agricultores, pescadores y pastores-, están siendo los más afectados por las altas temperaturas y el aumento de la frecuencia de desastres relacionados con el clima. Al mismo tiempo, la población mundial crece de manera constante y se espera que llegue a 9 600 millones de personas en 2050. Para cubrir una demanda tan grande, los sistemas agrícolas y alimentarios tendrán que adaptarse a los efectos adversos del cambio climático y hacerse más resilientes, productivos y sostenibles." UN.org



La Journée internationale de la non-violence est célébrée le 2 octobre, jour anniversaire de la naissance du Mahatma Gandhi, chef du mouvement pour l’indépendance de l’Inde et pionnier de la philosophie et de la stratégie de la non-violence. En vertu de la résolution de l’Assemblée générale du 15 juin 2007 la Journée internationale est l’occasion de diffuser le message de la non-violence notamment par des actions d’éducation et de sensibilisation. La résolution réaffirme la pertinence universelle du principe de non-violence et souhaite favoriser une culture de paix, de tolérance, de compréhension et de non-violence. un.org



The United Nations Children’s Fund has reiterated its call on all parties to the conflict to abide by their obligations under international humanitarian law and protect children and schools.
“The conflict in Syria has plummeted to such lows that children are now risking their lives just to attend school,” UNICEF’s Representative for the country said in a statement. According to UNICEF, five children were killed and 15 other pupils were injured when their school yard was hit at the end of an outdoor sports session. The attack came just a few weeks after the start of the school year. UN.org



 

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation. The UN was established on 24 October 1945 after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict. Its headquarters is in Manhattan, New York City and experiences extraterritoriality. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. It has the following goals: "maintaining international peace and security, promoting human rights, fostering social and economic development, protecting the environment, and providing humanitarian aid in cases of famine, natural disaster, and armed conflict." It has six principal organs: the General Assembly; the Security Council; the Economic and Social Council; the Secretariat ; the International Court of Justice ; and the United Nation Trusteeship Council that is inactive since 1994. UN System agencies include the World Bank Group, the World Health Organization, the World Food Program, UNESCO and UNICEF. The UN's most prominent officer is the Secretary General. Non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative status with ECOSOC and other agencies to participate in the UN's work. UN.org

 

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