Raphael (1483-1520) was the most famous painter of High Renaissance in Italy. His works portray the human grandeur, especially in his magnificent painting: “The School of Athens” that is located in Stanza della Segnatura in the Vatican. This exceptional masterpiece has a rare beauty that pleases the eyes and intellectually and deeply affects the viewers.
Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) was born in the Netherlands. In 1878, he went to a coal mine in the south of Belgium and ministered to the sick. He drew pictures of the miners who called him “Christ of the Coal Mines.” “Wheat Field with Crows” was the last work of Van Gogh. He goes toward a field of golden wheat and carries a canvas, and a bag of paints and begins to paint and capture the scene of the swirling wheat and then “the murderous crows attack him.” According to Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer Steven Naifeh, Van Gogh didn’t kill himself but he was shot by someone else. And as described by Dr Di Maio: “It is my opinion that, in all medical probability, the wound incurred by Van Gogh was not self-inflicted. In other words, he did not shoot himself.”
Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665) was a classical French painter with a unique style. He spent most of his working life in Rome. In 1624 he went to Rome and was deeply influenced by Italian Renaissance painters especially Raphael, Reni, Caravaggio and Carracci. He was an active participant in the Academy of Saint Luke that brought together the prominent painters. Each of Poussin’s paintings tells a unique story of mythology and classical literature that touches hearts and minds of the viewers.
Filippino Lippi (1457-1504) was an Italian Renaissance painter working in Florence. He was an assistant of the famous painter Botticelli. His unique style depicting the characters with a significant facial expressions and graceful movements in a landscape. His magnificent frescos on the themes of ancient time has earned him a specific status among talented Italian painters.
Agnolo di Cosimo (1503-1572) usually known as Bronzino was an Italian painter from Florence. His style was Mannerist and was trained with Pontormo, another leading painter from Florence. His paintings are elegant and dreamy at the same time. As a founding member of the Academia delle Arti del Disegno, he was the teacher of the famous painter, Alessandro Allori.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (1526-1569) was one of the most significant Dutch artists in Renaissance period. After his training in Italy he settled in Antwerp in 1555. About forty two of his paintings survived, twelve of which are are display in the museum in Vienna. Among his greatest paintings were a series of allegories similar to the style of Hieronymus Bosch. One of his masterpieces, The Triumph of Death, is on display in Museo del Prado in Madrid.
Jean Georges Vibert (1840 – 1902) was a French academic painter who was very popular worldwide especially in America. He was born in Paris and began to paint at a young age. When he was 16, he continued his art training at the École des Beaux-Arts. Later he was awarded Legion of Honor. The collection of his impressive paintings sometimes seemed controversial with a witty and unique sense of humor.
Giotto (1267-1337) was a great Italian painter from Florence. His masterpiece is the frescoes of the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua, Italy. Giotto made a decisive break with the current Constantinople style: he focused on the portrayal of emotions on human faces. He was highly influenced by Dante’s literary works. Giotto visualized Dante’s inferno in his paintings.